Category: Europe

The Republic of Moldova is at a turning point, one of many it has faced since emerging in 1991 as an independent country from the former Soviet Union. Optimism is running higher than usual that the country may beat back rampant corruption that, in some years, has resulted in massive fraud leading to a 12… Read More

Over the past few years, beneficial ownership transparency policies have gained traction around the world. As of 2018, 18 countries had announced commitments to implementing beneficial ownership transparency policies. They include France, Italy, and the United Kingdom. This rapid increase begs a few questions: what is beneficial ownership transparency, what do beneficial ownership transparency policies… Read More

Total, one of France’s largest oil and gas companies, is on the verge of being sued by dozens of French NGOs and climate activists for failing to meet its legal obligation to respond to the climate crisis. Groups such as Les Eco Maires have signed onto a June 2019 letter indicating that unless Total strengthens… Read More